MTHFR DNA Mutation
Reduced methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) enzyme activity is a genetic risk factor for hyperhomocysteinemia, especially when present with low serum folate levels. Two common variants in the MTHFR gene result in reduced enzyme activity. The “thermolabile” variant C677T and A1298C occur frequently in the general population. Mild to moderate hyperhomocysteinemia has been identified as a risk factor for coronary artery disease and venous thromboembolism. Hyperhomocysteinemia is multifactorial, involving a combination of genetic, physiologic and environmental factors.